Martinique is home to a wealth of fauna and flora, complex and original forest ecosystems and remarkable sub-marine landscapes.
The island hosts a large number of indigenous species, among them the very rare and threatened Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana), the White-breasted Thrasher (Ramphocinclus brachyurus), the dangerous Martinique Lancehead (Bothrops lanceolatus), the Antilles Pinktoe Tarantula (Avicularia versicolor) and the Schwartz’s Myotis (Myotis martiniquensis). 26% of Martinique’s land area is covered by natural forest which is home to 396 species of indigenous trees.
The marine biodiversity of Martinique includes 182 species of fish, 48 species of corals, 70 sponges and 331 molluscs. The island has barrier reefs, fringe reefs of limited length, as well as shallow reef-covered open waters. It also has 10,000 hectares of underwater prairies and 2,200 hectares of mangroves.
In addition to the regional natural park of Martinique, which extends over more than 70,000 hectares, the island also has protected areas (natural sites, nature reserves and biological protected areas) which include all the different representative landscapes of Martinican biodiversity. Read more