Guadeloupe’s heritage is rich in natural habitats with a wide range of ecosystems distributed according to the exposure of the hillsides, such as high altitude savannahs, tropical rain forests, and dry forests. All of them are home to a tremendous variety of remarkable native species such as:
- the native Guadeloupean Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus guadeloupensis);
- the Guadeloupe Woodpecker (Melanerpes herminieri), the only sedentary woodpecker of the Lesser Antilles, which is strictly native to the forests of Basse-Terre Island and Grande-Terre Island in Guadeloupe;
- the Eleutherodactylus barlagnei and the Eleutherodactylus pinchoni frogs; and
- many species of orchids.
The mangroves and the swampy mangrove forests cover around 7,000 hectares. Coral reefs are also found on all the islands of the archipelago. Some 109 species of fish have been identified on the Grand Cul-de-sac Marin nature reserve, while three species of marine turtles still lay thier eggs on Guadeloupe's beaches, and 17 species of cetaceans have been identified in Guadeloupe's waters.
The protected areas are well developed and include the Guadeloupe National Park, which extends over more than 17,000 hectares and has been awarded the European Label for Sustainable Tourism, as well as the Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin reserve, a wetland of global importance (Ramsar site). Read more