While the vegetation of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) is relatively poor, the surrounding waters of the South Atlantic are very rich and support large populations of higher predators (birds and mammals) in the food chain.
Many bird species and several marine mammals, including the Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina), the South American Sea Lion (Otaria flavescens) and the South American Fur Seal (Arctocephalus australis), breed in the archipelago. In addition, approximately 15 species of whale and dolphin are found in the waters around the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).
The Falkland Islands (Malvinas) also host nature reserves and two Ramsar sites – “Sea Lion” Island and Bertha’s Beach – designated since 1971. Read more