With its rugged rocks, caves and caverns sculpted by the wind, Aruba has some remarkable geological features. The island is particularly dry and windy and only has a fraction of the tropical flora found throughout the rest of the Caribbean. The vegetation is primarily made up of succulents, a large variety of cacti, as well as some 50 species of bushy trees that have been bent and twisted by the wind.

15% of Aruba is covered by wetlands situated close to the north coast of the island. The Arikok National Park covers a large variety of terrestrial terrains over a stretch of 34 km², including the highest cliffs on the island.

Aruba hosts 21 species of nesting birds, including the small native Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicu laria arubensis), 12 species of reptiles, including the threatened blue Whiptail Lizard (Cnemidiphorus arubensis) and the Aruba Rattlesnake (Crotalis unicolor), as well as 176 species of common fish. Read more