• Habitat loss and deforestation are the major causes of population decline and endangerment of amphibians in the Philippines.
  • A vast majority of amphibians occupy regions that are increasingly being used for residential and urban development. As a result, vast portions of natural rainforest habitats are lost to make way for housing and infrastructure.
  • Illegal logging also contributes to reducing the tiny portion of natural forest cover that is available for amphibians.
  • Amphibians in the Philippines face habitat degradation due to agricultural practices such as freshwater aquaculture and livestock farming.
  • Pollution, especially by industrial, military, agricultural and forestry effluents has further contributed to the decline of amphibian populations
  • Climate change and temperature extremes affect frogs inhabiting high-altitude ecosystems where global warming and temperature increases are most prevalent, leading to the decline or disappearance of some native species.
  • Many species are likely to go extinct due to the effects of introduced species.

Conservation Actions

  • Measures taken to protect habitats and key resources of amphibians.
  • Land and water management techniques modified to minimize the impact on amphibians.
  • Education and awareness on amphibians.
  • Ensuring compliance and enforcement of law and policy at a national level.
  • National parks have been set up to cover 11% of the total land area which will afford protection to many of the critical amphibian habitats.