Ultimately, it is the communities who live in a particular landscape who will value it most and will invest the maximum effort to conserve its services.  It is they who will recognize issues and have the demonstrated ability to take action. They are the quickest responders to issues and frequently, their response is the most sound (Soonthornnawaphat & de Silva, in press).
The BMZ project invested in involving all relevant stakeholders of society and scientific disciplines ,because it was critically important for sustainability within the broader context.

The key asset in the Thailand BMZ project area is the strong network of a diverse group of stakeholders who are engaged actively or have the desire to engage in conservation and management of natural resources. Within the project area, at least ten community based user groups, that include 84% of the 64 villages within the landscape, have taken responsibility and ownership of natural resource management issues within the landscape in one way or another (Soonthornnawaphat & de Silva, in press).

In Sri Lanka, the BMZ project focused on strengthening the voice and role of fisher communities, as well as their livelihoods, in order to engage them in the management of the Puttalam lagoon.