BENEFIT SHARING COMPONENT
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) and Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) significantly contribute in rural livelihoods particularly to households dependent on common natural resources. With the recent boom in promotion of NTFPs, unsustainable harvesting, habitat loss and inadequate attention to promote MAPs and NTFPs in community forestry have posed serious adverse impacts on availability and productivity of selected traded species. Gaps in technical skills relating to sustainable harvesting, in-situ and ex-situ conservation, processing and value addition; inadequate capacities for collective efforts in management and marketing have further limited the possibilities of reversing the trend and ensuring continued supply of these resources to local people. Existing policies, governance and practices do not ensure equitable access and benefit sharing for weaker segments of society; particularly poor and socially excluded households and women.
In the previous
The conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants and other NTFPs project focuses on fostering local institutions and enabling local communities to sustainably conserve forests through in-situ and ex-situ conservation and by promoting cultivation of NTFPs and medicinal and aromatic plants in Doti District. IUCN works in 10 village development committees of Doti district through NTFP user groups, women’s groups and traders and has helped establish nurseries and demonstration sites, supported income generation and strengthened the tenure rights especially for the poor and landless.
LANDSCAPE GOVERNANCE COMPONENT
Half of the country's protected areas include settlements and farmlands, and most national parks are adjacent to areas with high populations. Therefore, the Nepal Biodiversity Strategy (2001) identified landscape level conservation as a major strategic direction for biodiversity conservation in
The implementation of equitable and effective approaches for the management of landscapes faces a number of major challenges. In particular, certain forms of governance structures and processes will be required to address major issues such as inclusion, transparency and especially the equitable sharing of cost and benefits. Therefore, local organizations need to be supported in strengthening their governance systems and in mobilizing human and financial resources. In previous years, IUCN Nepal has contributed to the design and implementation of several interventions for conserving critical Churia ecosystems in Ilam as well as conserving rhododendron and its habitat in the TMJ areas.
Building on best practices and acquiring knowledge from experiences of other organisations and projects working in similar field conservation initiatives will be further consolidated in these two sites following a landscape approach. The main focus of this phase will be on the governance aspects of landscape management. Principles of good governance such as representation, transparency, accountability and the rule of law will be mainstreamed into participating local organizations, institutions and dialogue platforms. Issues of gender, ethnicity, minority and cultures will be adequately addressed at all stages of interventions from conservation planning, decision making, implementation and benefit sharing. The two projects under this component are:
Tinjure Milke Jaljale (TMJ), North
The community conservation of rhododendron project in Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale area of north-east
Ilam Siwaliks, South
The collaborative conservation of critical ecosystem in Ilam Siwaliks, implemented in six village development committees of Ilam district, aims to conserve the ecosystem functions and biodiversity of the fragile Siwaliks zone in Ilam District. IUCN works with a network of Community Forest User Groups, an Apex Body of Women’s Groups and Flood Control Committees (FCC) to halt the ecological degradation of the area whole supporting local livelihoods. The conservation work has centred on building the capacity of local bodies to undertake better forest and watershed management and promoting green income generation and alternative energy technologies.
EMERGING INITIATIVES COMPONENT
IUCN Nepal is implementing its projects in an uncertain working environment. In order to remain relevant and effective, IUCN should be able to adapt the IUCN Programme in the timely manner to address emerging project needs related to knowledge (e.g. required research, case studies, learning documents), practice (e.g. complementing field activities, support of local partners) and policy (e.g. advocacy activities, policy enforcement). Therefore, the third component of the project is focused on the sustainability of the IUCN Programme and the organization as a whole.
The outcome of the Emerging Initiative component is that IUCN Nepal is strengthened to address emerging programme needs related to knowledge generation, field practice and policy support.