The IUCN Lao PDR country office consists of three core programme themes, developed in line with its interim strategy. The three themes are:

1. Biodiversity, Environment and Communities (BEC)
2. Climate Change
3. Water and Wetlands

Previously, climate change concerns were integrated into IUCN Lao PDR’s four programme areas (protected areas, governance, agrobiodiversity and water & wetlands), as part of the country office's strategy for 2007-2011.

With the development of an independent climate change programme, all IUCN Lao PDR programmes now have dedicated and experienced climate change programme staff to support it in its project development and implementation.