Hustai National Park
The CEM quarterly newsletter 2nd edition of 2014

ESP Conference

CEM Ecosystem Service Thematic Group (ESTG) will be represented, as sponsor and sessions co-organiser, at the 7th Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) Conference that will be held in Costa Rica in September 2014.  ESTG will organize one session on Ecosystem Based Solutions for Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction, when considering multiple risks; and a session on the use of ecosystem services to support nature conservation and financing of protected areas.
In addition, CEM will be represented at the ESP Steering Committee Meeting

If you are interested in attending the conference or reading more about the conference, please visit:


MEDECOS conference

MEDECOS welcomes you to submit your abstracts for the XIII international MEDECOS conference. This year’s theme is “Crossing Boundaries across Disciplines and Scales”.

The conference will be hosted in Olmué, Chile from 6 – 9 October 2014.

The registration form is open now across our web site. The fees of the early and late registration are indicated in the web site. We offer the opportunity for ‘Early bird’ registration until August 30th.

Please regularly visit the MEDECOS XIII conference website ( for the latest updates and further information.


Brock launches UNESCO Chair in Community Sustainability

Brock University has been awarded a UNESCO Chair that will help to build capacity in sustainability science research and its practical transfer to society.

The Chair, which will operate under the theme “Community Sustainability: From Local to Global,” is one of more than 811 UNESCO Chairs worldwide and a network of 18 in Canada facilitated by the Canadian Commission for UNESCO. The Brock chair is the only one in Canada located at an institution situated within a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

The main focus of the Chair is to strengthen initiatives in sustainable agriculture and community-based natural resource management in Canada, China and other countries such as Ecuador, in order to develop concrete actions and best practices transferable to various countries around the world.

The first person to fill this new role is biologist Liette Vasseur, a member of Brock’s Environmental Sustainability Research Centre (ESRC).

The Biological Sciences professor is Thematic Leader for the CEM ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change Group; Vice-President of the International Network of Women Engineers and Scientists; and President of the Canadian Coalition of Women in Engineering, Sciences, Trade and Technology. She is also a Minjiang Scholar at Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University in China.

“I am excited to be able to be part of a large network of UNESCO Chairs who all work in helping their communities and countries around the world in sustaining the mission of UNESCO in sustainable development, gender equality and education for all,” said Vasseur. “This new position will help to enhance the collaborative activities of Brock’s Environmental Sustainability Research Centre in communities in Niagara and beyond.”


Toward Viable Landscape Governance Systems: What Works?

Stakeholders often have very different visions for the same landscape, from the layout of land uses to deeper issues like who should have the right to which resources at what time. Governance is needed to reconcile these visions among diverse actors, creating an agreed-upon framework through which stakeholders can pursue food production, conservation, and livelihood security. In response to the increasing recognition of complex problems that go beyond a single issue, practitioners are embracing governance strategies with multiple actors and cross-sectoral approaches in order to get the full range of benefits from their landscapes. But finding agreement among diverse landscape users operating at levels from local to global is not easy.

Now, a new paper from Landscapes for People, Food and Nature explores challenges faced in landscape governance and strategies employed by different communities of practice to answer the question: what works? The authors look at experiences in landscapes around the world to determine the essential building blocks of governance systems that meet stakeholder needs and promote an equitable system of decision-making among them.

From the Members

China Coastal Wetland Blueprint Project,

The China Coastal Wetland Blueprint Project, jointly implemented by the State Forestry Administration, the Paulson Institute and the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, held its Inception Workshop on 17-18 April, 2014 in Beijing. CEM Members Spike Millington (EAAFP) and Professor Yu Xiubo (IGSNRR) participated as Steering Committee Member and Task Force Vice-Chair, respectively.

China’s coastal wetlands are under severe pressure, despite providing a variety of ecosystem service benefits. The project aims to assess the current status, trends and threats of coastal wetlands in China, conduct case studies on wetland conservation in USA and China, and define the strategy, policy framework and priority actions on coastal wetlands protection and management in China. The ultimate goal is to identify feasible policy options for decision-makers, provide effective management tools for competent government agencies, and promote coastal wetlands protection and management at policy and practice levels in the country.
For more information, contact Yu Xiubo at


European Dry Grassland Meeting

Members of the IUCN/CEM Holarctic Steppe Thematic Group (HSTG) have participated in the 11th European Dry Grassland Meeting (, which was held near Tula (Russia) on the base of the State Museum of Military History and Natural Reserve “The Kulikovo Field”, 5 – 15 June 2014. The conference focus was on steppes and the leads of the HSTG gave an oral presentation titled “The IUCN/CEM support for steppes of the Northern Hemisphere”. Results from Kazakhstanian and Russian steppe conservation projects were presented, and the concept for the online "Encyclopedia of the Great Steppe" was discussed. Several participants expressed their interest in contributing their knowledge. HSTG have now started to work out further details.

For more info visit:

 Tatyana M. Bragina, Karsten Wesche,  Ilya Smelansky

Aquaculture fish feed

The CEM Ecosystem-based Aquaculture Group (E-bAG) is implementing a project on the sustainability of aquaculture fish feed.
Fish farming is globally developing quickly, either for fresh water or marine species. Breeding fish requires feeding them. Fish feed are formulated from diverse sources of proteins and lipids. A large part of those come from fish meal, made from whole fish or fisheries by-products from fish transformation, but many other sources might be used such as soya, corn, wheat of colza, seaweeds, or terrestrial animal by-products from the food processing industry.
Whatever sources are used, there are issues in terms of sustainability, including impacts on biodiversity and natural resources, resources availability and social acceptability.
To tackle this complex issue, E-bAG convened a 3 days’ workshop in Brittany. More than 60 experts attended (scientists, fish feed producers, fish producers, fish transformers, distributers, NGOs...). The conclusions of the workshop will serve as a basis for drafting recommendations that will be edited in a publication. A second workshop is planned in the fall.
Contacts: François Simard, Deputy Director, Global Marine and Polar Programme (


Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development

Presentation and panel discussion on health and environmental protection and sustainable development was organized at VERN’ University of Applied Sciences in Zagreb, Croatia, within the course: Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development.
A panel entitled "Role of the media and civil society in raising awareness on health and environmental protection and sustainable development" was organized jointly by VERN and OIKON – Institute for Applied Ecology on June 4, in order to mark and celebrate the World Environment Day (June 5).

Panellists were Mr. Mladen Iličković (Croatian Radio Television - journalist and editor of the television series "ECO zone") and Prof. Zdravko Špirić (Scientific director at Oikon Ltd. and Croatian CEM member).


Urban Protected Areas

CEM member Ted Trzyna’s book Urban Protected Areas: Profiles and Best Practice Guidelines, has just been published by IUCN. Protected areas situated in or at the edge of large population centers are important for all the reasons any protected area is important, he writes, but they have a crucial role that sets them apart from other protected areas: providing opportunities for large numbers of urban people to experience nature, including many people unable to visit more remote places. This is important for two reasons: regular contact with nature is good for people; and urban people are crucial for nature conservation. The book profiles protected areas in 15 metropolitan areas around the world and sets out detailed guidance on managing, creating, and defending them. Trzyna (, based in California, USA, chairs the Urban Specialist Group of IUCN’s World Commission Protected Areas. The book is posted at

From the book’s back cover: Mountain lion (Puma concolor) in the Santa Monica Mountains above Los Angeles.

Environmental Challenges and Approaches in Developing Countries

CEM member Justin Ford, Executive Director of the Wildlife Institute and colleague Andrew Tirrell of the Tuft's Fletcher School of International Law and Diplomacy have launched a new course called Environmental Challenges and Approaches in Developing Countries; which is taught in Belize, Central America. This course is a graduate level introduction to key global developmental problems spanning social, technological and ecological sciences. The course is open enrollment and offered in summer and winter sessions in Belize.


Sacred Plants ---- An idea for conserving the Nature

By G.Mohan Narasimha Rao

India is the mother land for Gods and Goddesses, traditionally people worship plants and animals. From ancient times  people had faith in Nature and had the habit of worshipping the biota. In rural areas, the faithful perform their festivals in certain months of the year. Apart from the regular festivals, in every house people have the Basal tree and offer prayers to this plant every morning and evening. As a part of our exploration work on Bryophytes and Pteridophytes of Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh (India), we have collected the information on the plants that worshipped by the local people. Plants such as Ashoka, Basil, Bilva, Peepul, Banyan, Neem, Naga Keshara Amla, Caltropis, and Turmeric are worshipped by the people in different occasions or some specific days. They are protecting the nature by conserving the plants in their local regions and threfore nature as a whole in the name of God.


Radioactivity Research in the Mount Ida National Park in Turkey

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Özlem Karadeniz and her allies have made a collaboration with Dr. Hidayet Karakurt (IUCN CEM member and forest scientist) to complete a research project on natural and anthropogenic radioactivity in Mount Ida National Park and vicinity in Turkey. This mountain and national park is not only important for the natural assets and biological diversity, but also it has been a cradle of many civilizations, such as Greeks in history and has been the subject of many legends like Homer’s Iliad. In this region, there are typical Mediterranean ecosystems and a lot of threatened plant and animal species that are of high conservation value. Dr. Özlem Karadeniz and her team have systematically collected soil samples to measure natural and artificial radioactivity and found that there are still considerable radioactivity levels at the top soils (O and A horizons) on the forest floor. This project was supported by Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council (TUBITAK Project Nr 109Y336).



Integrating Ecosystem Services in Strategic Environmental Assessment

A new guide on "Integrating Ecosystem Services in Strategic Environmental Assessment" has been published by the ProEcoServ project (UNEP). The purpose of the guide is to provide practical, step-by-step guidance on how to integrate ecosystem services effectively into SEA.
The guide has been authored by CEM-member Davide Geneletti (University of Trento) and may be downloaded from the ProEcoServ Website:


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Cole, L. E. S., Bhagwat, S. A. & Willis, K. J. (2014). Recovery and resilience of tropical forests after disturbance. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4906.

Cortés-Gómez, A.M., Castro, F Urbina-Cardona, J.N. 2013. Small changes in vegetation structure create great changes in amphibian ensembles in the Colombian Pacific rainforest. Tropical Conservation Science 6(6):749-769

Dijana Tomić Linšak, Željko Linšak, Zdravko Špirić, Emil Srebočan, Marin Glad, Arijana Cenov, Hrvoje Jakovac, Čedomila Milin: Cadmium influence on metallothionein expression and products of lipid peroxidation in hares organs (Lepus europaeus Pallas); Journal of Applied Toxicology, (2014) Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 289-295 DOI 10.1002/jat.2880


Fisher, J Louise Beames, Jonathan Majer, Brian Heterick, Bardi Jawi Rangers, Nyul Nyul Rangers (2014) Using ants to monitor changes within and surrounding the endangered Monsoon Vine Thickets of the tropical Dampier Peninsula, north Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 318:78-90


Grgurić S., Križan J., Gašparac G., Špirić Z., Antonić O., Mamouri R.E, Christodoulou A., Nisantzi A., Agapiou A, Themistocleous K., Fedra K., Panayiotou C., Hadjimitsis D.: Relationship between MODIS AOD (Aerosol Optical Depth) and PM10 over CroatiaRelationship between MODIS based Aerosol Optical Depth and PM10 over Croatia, Central European Journal of Geosciences, 2014, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 2-16 DOI: 10.2478/s13533-012-0135-6

P. Higueras, R. Oyarzun, J. Kotnik, J. M. Esbrí, A. Martínez Coronado, M.Horvat, M. A. López-Berdonces, W. Llanos, O. Vaselli, B. Nisi, N. Mashyanov, V.Ryzov, Z. Spiric, N. Panichev, R. McCrindle, X. Feng, X. Fu, J. Lillo, J. Loredo, M. E. García, P. Alfonso, K. Villegas, S. Palacios, J. Oyarzún, H. Maturana, F. Contreras, M. Adams: A compilation of field surveys on elemental atmospheric mercury (Hg0gas) from contrasting environmental settings in Europe, South America, South Africa, and China: separating fads from facts, (2013) Environmental Geochemistry and Health; DOI 10.1007/s10653-013-9591-2 in press

Magdy T. Khalil & Setaita H. Sleem. Can the freshwater crayfish eradicate schistosomiasis in Egypt and Africa?. Journal of American Science 2011;7(7):457-462]. (ISSN: 1545-1003).


Marin Tota, Hrvoje Jakovac, Zdravko Špirić, Emil Srebočan, Čedomila Milin: Accumulated metals and metallothionein expression in hares (Lepus europeaus Pallas) organs within natural gas fields of Podravina, Croatia, Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health DOI:10.1080/19338244.2013.787966 in press

Nagabhatla, N., Padmanabhan, M., Kühle, P.,Vishnudas, S., Betz, L. and Niemeyer, B. 2014. LCLUC as an entry point for transdisciplinary research –reflections from an agriculture land use change study in South Asia. Journal of Environmental Management-LCLUC special issue by NASA LCLUC Program (DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.03.019).


Nagabhatla, N. and Kumar, A. 2013. Developing a joint understanding of agrobiodiversity and land-use change. Chapter 2: In: Christinck, A. and Padmanabhan, M. (Eds). Cultivate Diversity: A Hand Book on Transdisciplinary Approaches to Agro Biodiversity Research. Margraf Publishers.Welkersheim, Germany. 27-51 pp [ISBN-978-3-8236-1657-3]


Nagabhatla Nidhi and Roy PS.2014. Spatio-economics: an attempt to balance trade-offs for managing forest resources in a tropical ecosystem. Session: Concepts for sustainable land management (Oral presentation). June 12th At: 20th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). Leibniz University in Hannover [LUH], Germany June 8-13, 2014


Pfeifer et al. 2014. BIOFRAG – A new database for analysing BIOdiversity responses to forest FRAGmentation. Ecology and Evolution 4(9): 1524–1537

Špirić, Zdravko; Stafilov, Trajče; Vučković, Ivana; Kušan, Vladimir; Barišić, Delko; Vekić, Branko; Šmit, Zdenko; Glad, Marin; Frontasyeva, Marina: Croatia in the ICP Vegetation survey since 2005 // ICP Vegetation 27th Task Force Meeting - book of abstracts / Harmens, Harry; Mills, Gina; Hayes, Felicity (ur.). Paris, France: ICP Vegetation Programme Coordination Centre, 2014. 48-48

Špirić, Zdravko; Stafilov, Trajče; Vučković, Ivana; Glad, Marin; Kušan, Vladimir: Nitrogen in mosses in Croatia // ICP Vegetation 27th Task Force Meeting - book of abstracts / Harmens, Harry; Mills, Gina; Hayes, Felicity (ur.). 28 – 30 January, 2014: ICP Vegetation Programme Coordination Centre, 2014. 75-75

Špirić, Zdravko; Kušan, Vladimir; Kremer, Dario; Posarić, Zoran; Ribarić, Nikolina; Nikolić, Sandra: Effects of ozone on beam Phaseolus vulgaris) in Croatia in 2013 - preliminary results // ICP Vegetation 27th Task Force Meeting - book of abstracts / Harmens, Harry; Mills, Gina; Hayes, Felicity (ur.). Pariz, Francuska: ICP Vegetation Programme Coordination Centre, 2014. 72-72

Špirić, Z. Ivana Vučković, I., Stafilov, T., Kušan, V., Bačeva, K. Biomonitoring of air pollution with mercury in Croatia by using moss species and CV-AAS, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2014, Volume 186, Issue 7, pp 4357-4366 (2014)


Vučković, I., Špirić, Z., Stafilov, T., Kušan, V. Study on the biomonitoring of air pollution in Croatia by using moss samples, ICP-AES and AAS, International Master and Postgraduate Programme in Material Science and Catalysis – MatCatNet, 14.10.-19.10.2013, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2013.